Training-Induced Cognitive and Neural Plasticity of the Aging Brain: Effects of Self-guided Cognitive and Physical Training Programs (PAB):

This project aims to compares the effects of cognitive and physical training in cognitive and neural plasticity in older adults. To evaluate neural plasticity, we will adopt the Event-Related Potential (ERP) technique to record brain activity during executive function tasks and a working memory task administered at pretest and posttest sessions. In light of previous findings, we predict that the cognitive training effect will be ability-specific and more localized in electrical brain activity (specific to frontal lobe). In contrast, the physical training transfer effect will be smaller in magnitude, but broader in both behavioral and neural measures.

Cognitive Plasticity and Mental Fitness in Older Adult (Plasticity‐II):

This project specifically investigates cognitive plasticity, particularly rule‐based learning, among Canadian elderly adults and explores the potential effects of cognitive training on older adults’ mental fitness and daily functions. The target abilities for training include inductive reasoning (i.e., the ability to infer general rules or principles from specific instances), processing speed (i.e., the ability to quickly detect and process information), and visual attention (i.e., the ability to efficiently search for target visual information). The outlined research study has significant implications in the context of a rapidly aging population. It will make novel contributions to the understanding of the limits of older adults’ learning capacities. The findings will provide theoretical guidance in the development of appropriate cognitive training intervention programs for older adults.