Lab Publications

Schizophrenia spectrum

Wilkins, L. K., Girard, T. A., Christensen, B. K., King, J., Kiang, M., & Bohbot, V. D. (2019). Spontaneous spatial navigation circuitry in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Psychiatry Research, 278, 125-128. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2019.05.032

Girard, T. A., Wilkins, L. K., Lyons, K. M., Yang, L., & Christensen, B. K. (2018). Traditional test administration and proactive interference undermine visual-spatial working memory performance in schizophrenia. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 23, 242-253. doi: 10.1080/13546805.2018.1479248

Wilkins, L. K., Girard, T. A., Herdman, K. A., Christensen, B. K., King, J., Kiang, M., & Bohbot, V. D. (2017). Hippocampal activation and memory performance in schizophrenia depend on strategy use in a virtual maze. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 268, 1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2017.07.007

Girard, T.A., Lakatos, L., & Menon, M. (2017). Abberant modulation of brain activation by emotional valence during self-referential processing among patients with delusions of reference. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 56, 21-26. doi: 1016/j.jbtep.2016.11.007

Wilkins, L. K., Girard, T. A., Konishi, K., King, M., Herdman, K. A., King, J., Christensen, B. K., & Bohbot, V. D. (2013). Selective deficit in spatial memory strategies contrast to intact response strategies in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders tested in a virtual navigation task. Hippocampus, 23, 1015–1024.

Wilkins, L. K., Girard, T. A., King, J., King, M., Herdman, K. A., Christensen, B. K., & King, J. (2013). Differential viewpoint-independent and viewpoint-dependent memory performance in schizophrenia. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 35, 1082-1093.

Zawadzki, J. A., Girard, T. A., Foussias, G., Rodrigues, A., Siddiqui, I., Lerch, J. P., Grady, C., Remington, G., Wong, A. H. C. (2013). Simulating real world functioning in schizophrenia using a naturalistic city environment and single-trial, goal-directed navigation. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 7, 108.

Girard, T.A., Christensen, B.K., & Rizvi, S. (2010). Visual-spatial episodic memory in Schizophrenia: A multiple systems framework. Neuropsychology, 24 (3), 368-378. Also reprinted in 2014 in Translational Issues in Psychological Science, 1(S), 91-105.

Addington, J., Girard, T. A., Christensen, B. K., & Addington, D. (2010). Social cognition mediates illness related and cognitive influences on social functioning in Schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 35, 49-54.

Brain, trauma, and stress

Zalai, M. D., Girard, T. A., Cusimano, M. D., & Shapiro, C. M. (2020). Circadian rhythm in the assessment of postconcussion insomnia: A cross-sectional, observational study, CMAJ Open, 8(1), E142-E147. doi: 10.9778/cmajo.20190137

Malivoire, B. L., Girard, T. A., Monson, C. M., & Patel, R. (2018). Functional connectivity of hippocampal subregions in PTSD: Relations with symptoms. BMC Psychiatry, 18, 129. doi: 10.1186/s12888-018-1716-9.

Patel, R., Girard, T. A., Pukay-Martin, N., & Monson, C. (2015). Preferential recruitment of the basolateral amygdala during memory encoding of negative scenes in posttraumatic disorder. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 130, 170-176. doi: 10.1016/j.nlm.2016.02.003

Patel, R., Spreng, R. N., Shin, L. M., & Girard, T. A. (2012). The functional neuroanatomy of post-traumatic stress disorder: A quantitative meta-analysis. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 36, 2130-2142.

Other Imaging &/or Memory

Paleja, M., Girard, T. A., Herdman, K. A., Christensen, B. K. (2014). Two distinct neural networks functionally connected to the human hippocampus during pattern separation tasks. Brain & Cognition, 92, 101-111.

Patel, R., Girard, T. A., & Green, R. E. A. (2012). The influence of indirect and direct emotional processing on memory for facial expressions. Cognition and Emotion, 26, 1143-1152.

Paleja, M., Girard, T. A., & Christensen, B. K. (2011). Virtual human analogs to rodent spatial pattern separation and completion memory tasks. Learning and Motivation, 42, 237-244.

Cognitive Assessment

Girard, T. A., Axelrod, B. N., *Patel, R., & Crawford, J. R. (2015). Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV dyads for estimating global intelligence. Assessment, 22, 441-448.

Girard, T.A., Axelrod, B.N., & *Wilkins, L. (2010). Comparison of WAIS-III short-forms for measuring index and full-scale scores. Assessment, 17, 400-405.

Girard, T.A., & Christensen, B.K. (2008). Clarifying problems and offering solutions for correlated error when assessing the validity of selected-subtest short forms. Psychological Assessment, 20, 76-80.

Christensen, B.K., Girard, T.A., & Bagby, R.M. (2007). WAIS-III short form for Index and IQ scores in a psychiatric population. Psychological Assessment, 19(2): 236-240.

Sleep paralysis and anomalous experiences

Girard, T. A. (2013). The seahorse, the almond, and the night-mare: Elaborative encoding during sleep-paralysis hallucinations? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36, 618-619.

Wilkins, L. K., Girard, T. A., & Cheyne, J. A. (2012). Anomalous bodily-self experiences among recreational ketamine users. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 17, 415-430.

Wilkins, L. K., Girard, T. A., & Cheyne, J. A. (2011). Ketamine is primary predictor of OBEs associated with multiple substance use. Consciousness and Cognition, 20, 943-950.

Cheyne, J.A. & Girard, T.A. (2009). The Body Unbound: Vestibular-Motor Hallucinations and Out-of-Body Experiences. Cortex, 45, 201-215.

Girard, T.A., Martius, D.L.M.A., & Cheyne, J.A. (2007). Mental representation of space: Insights from an oblique distribution of hallucinations. Neuropsychologia, 45, 1257-1269.

Cheyne, J.A. & Girard, T.A. (2007). Paranoid delusions and threatening hallucinations: A prospective study of sleep paralysis experiences. Consciousness and Cognition, 16, 959-974.

Cheyne, J.A. & Girard, T.A. (2007). The nature and varieties of felt presence experiences: A reply to Nielsen. Consciousness and Cognition, 16, 984-991.

Girard, T.A. & Cheyne, J.A. (2006). Timing of spontaneous sleep paralysis episodes. Journal of Sleep Research, 15, 222-229.

Note: This represents a list of lab publications since 2006 when Dr. Girard started at Ryerson. Dr. Girard and lab members also have various additional publications via collaborations with other labs not listed here.