I recently graduated from Ryerson University after successfully defending my PhD in the Psychological Science program. My research focuses on whether exposure to visual representations of dogs help alleviate stress symptoms. I continue to work within the lab on various research projects, and in collaboration with other academic research institutions. In my free time I enjoy watching movies, eating lots of food, and relaxing with my animals (Cooper, Calvin, Nala and Bradley).

Recent Publications

Liu, J.J.W., Ein, N., Gervasio, J., Ismail, N., & Vickers, K. (2018). The efficacy of stress reappraisal interventions on stress responsivity: A meta-analysis and systematic review of existing evidence. Manuscript submitted for publication and under review.

Armstrong, B., Ein, N., Wong, B. I., Gallant, S. N., & Li, L (2018). Older adults’ bilingual advantage in inhibitory control: A meta-analysis. Manuscript submitted for publication and under review.

Liu, J.J.W, Ein, N., & Fung, K. (2018). “Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) on Depressive Symptoms in Individuals Currently Depressed: A Systematic Review of Existing Meta-Analytic Evidence”. Manuscript submitted for publication and under review.

Liu, J.J.W, Ein, N., Gervasio, J., & Vickers, K. (2018). “Subjective and physiological responses to the 35% Carbon Dioxide Test in healthy and control populations: A meta-analysis and systematic review”. Manuscript submitted for publication and under review.

Ein, N., Hadad, M., Reed, M., & Vickers, K. (in press). “Does visual exposure to one’s pet during the Mental Arithmetic Task reduce stress levels?” Anthrozoös.

Ein, N., Armstrong, B., & Vickers, K. (in press). “The effect of a very low calorie diet on subjective depressive symptoms and anxiety: Meta-analysis and systematic review”. International Journal of Obesity.

Ein, N., Li, L & Vickers, K. (2018). The effect of pet therapy on the physiological and subjective stress response: A meta-analysis. Stress & Health, doi: 10.1002/smi.2812.

Liu, J.J.W, Ein, N., Peck, K., Huang, V., Pruessner, J., & Vickers, K. (2017). Sex differences in salivary cortisol to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST): A meta-analysis. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 82, 26-37. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2017.04.007

Vickers, K., Ein, N., Koerner, N., Kusec, A., McCabe, R. E., Rowa, K. & Antony, M. M. (2017). Self-reported hygiene-related behaviors among individuals with contamination-related obsessive-compulsive disorder, individuals with anxiety disorder, and nonpsychiatric controls. Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, 14, 71-83. doi:10.1016/j.jocrd.2017.06.001

Ein. & Vickers, K. (2015). The effects of pets on stress reactivity. In Columbus, A.M. (Ed.) Advances in psychology research (106th ed.). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Publishers.